Kashmir as a Nuclear Flashpoint: Complexities of the Issue and Measures for its Resolution
The paper aims to highlight the issues related to the disputed territory called Kashmir located between India and Pakistan and to look for possible ways for their resolution. The dispute broke out after the partition of the Subcontinent in 1947 and was presented to the UN Security Council by India in 1948 under Article 35 of the UN Charter. The unrest at Line of Control and unleash on the innocent unarmed Kashmiri people has been continuing since the dispute arose. In August 2019, due to the revocation of special status of Kashmir by Modi’s regime, curfew was imposed and extreme violations of human rights of the Kashmiri people took place. Pakistan protested on the situation and there was escalation on both sides; however, both countries are equipped with nuclear technology and there is an apprehension that Kashmir can be regarded as a nuclear flashpoint. This study concludes that a peaceful settlement of this dispute is required or else if nuclear war is started, it will impact global peace and security. Thus, the international community should make comprehensive and fruitful efforts to address this issue.
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